EPFO: Everything You Need to Know About It


The Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) is a critical institution in India that ensures financial security for employees post-retirement. Established with the aim to manage provident funds, pension schemes, and insurance schemes for the workforce, EPFO plays a pivotal role in the Indian employment sector. This article aims to provide a detailed overview of EPFO, its functions, benefits, and recent updates, helping employees make the most of this essential resource.

1. What is EPFO?

The Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) was established in 1952 under the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act. EPFO’s primary objective is to provide social security benefits to employees through provident fund, pension, and insurance schemes. It operates under the Ministry of Labour and Employment and is one of the world’s largest social security organizations in terms of the volume of financial transactions.

2. EPFO Schemes

Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF)

The EPF scheme is designed to provide financial stability to employees post-retirement. Both employees and employers contribute to this fund monthly.

Contribution Rates:

Typically, 12% of the basic salary and dearness allowance is contributed by both the employee and employer. However, certain sectors have reduced rates.


The fund accumulates over time, providing a significant amount at retirement. It can also be partially withdrawn for specific needs such as marriage, education, or medical emergencies.

Withdrawal Rules:

Employees can withdraw the entire amount at retirement or after being unemployed for two months. Partial withdrawals are allowed under certain conditions.

Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS)

The EPS aims to provide pensions to employees upon retirement, and it is linked to the EPF account.


Monthly pension post-retirement.


Employees need to have completed at least 10 years of service.

Pension Calculation:

The pension is calculated based on the average salary of the last 60 months and the number of years of service.

Withdrawal Process:

Employees can start receiving their pension after the age of 58. There are provisions for early pension with reduced benefits starting at age 50.

Employees’ Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme (EDLI)

The EDLI scheme provides an insurance cover to employees.


In the event of the death of an employee during the service period, the nominee receives a lump sum amount.


The employer contributes 0.5% of the employee’s monthly salary.


All employees who are covered under the EPF scheme are automatically enrolled in EDLI.

Claim Process:

Nominees or beneficiaries need to submit Form 5IF along with necessary documents to claim the insurance.

3. How to Register for EPFO

For Employers

Employers must register with the EPFO to provide benefits to their employees. The registration process involves:

  • Visiting the EPFO website and selecting the ‘Establishment Registration’ option.
  • Filling in the required details and submitting the application.
  • Verifying documents such as PAN, proof of address, and business registration certificates.

For Employees

Employees need to link their EPF account with their Universal Account Number (UAN):


  1. Obtain UAN from the employer.
  2. Visit the EPFO portal and activate UAN by providing necessary details.
  3. Link Aadhaar, PAN, and bank details with UAN.

Documents Required:

PAN card, Aadhaar card, and bank account details.

4. EPFO Portal and UAN

EPFO Portal

The EPFO portal offers various online services to employees and employers:

  • Checking EPF balance.
  • Submitting claims online.
  • Downloading passbooks.
  • Linking Aadhaar and PAN with UAN.

Universal Account Number (UAN)

The UAN is a unique 12-digit number assigned to every employee contributing to the EPF. It remains the same throughout the employee’s career, irrespective of job changes.


Employees can activate their UAN on the EPFO portal by providing their member ID and other details.


Once activated, employees can manage their EPF account online, view passbooks, and track contributions.

5. EPFO Services and Features

EPFO provides numerous services and features aimed at simplifying the management of provident fund accounts:

Online Services:

The EPFO member portal and mobile app allow members to check their balance, submit claims, and access their passbooks online.

SMS Service:

Members can check their balance and receive updates by sending an SMS to the designated number.

Online Claims:

Members can submit their withdrawal claims online without needing to visit EPFO offices.

Account Transfer:

Employees can transfer their EPF accounts seamlessly when changing jobs.

Updating Personal Details:

Members can update their personal details like name, date of birth, and mobile number through the UAN portal.

6. EPFO Contributions and Interest Rates


Employee Contribution:

Generally, 12% of the basic salary and dearness allowance.

Employer Contribution:

12%, out of which 8.33% goes to the EPS and the remaining to EPF.

Interest Rates

The interest rate on EPF is declared annually by the EPFO. As of the latest update for the fiscal year 2021-22, the interest rate is 8.5%. The interest is compounded annually and credited to the member’s account.

7. EPF Withdrawals and Advances

Types of Withdrawals

Partial Withdrawals:

Allowed for specific purposes such as marriage, education, medical treatment, and home construction.

Full Withdrawals:

Permitted at retirement, after 58 years of age, or after two months of unemployment.

Conditions and Eligibility

  • Partial withdrawals require a minimum number of years of service and specific conditions.
  • Full withdrawals are allowed after meeting the age or unemployment criteria.

Procedure for Claims

  • Claims can be submitted online through the EPFO portal by logging in with UAN.
  • Required documents must be uploaded, and the claim is processed within a few weeks.

Tax Implications

  • Withdrawals before five years of continuous service are taxable.
  • After five years, withdrawals are tax-free under certain conditions.

8. Grievance Redressal Mechanism

Common Issues

Members may face issues such as discrepancies in account balance, delays in claim processing, and errors in personal details.

Raising Grievances

  • Grievances can be raised online through the EPFO’s grievance management system (EPFiGMS).
  • Members need to log in with their UAN and provide details of the issue.

Grievance Redressal Process

  • EPFO typically addresses grievances within 30 days.
  • Members receive updates on the status of their grievances via SMS and email.

9. Recent Updates and Amendments

COVID-19 Impact

The pandemic prompted EPFO to allow advance withdrawals to support members facing financial distress. The criteria for withdrawals were relaxed, and members could withdraw a portion of their EPF balance to cope with the economic impact.

Government Initiatives

Recent amendments include:

  • Introduction of higher pension options under the EPS for eligible members.
  • Simplification of claim processes and reduction in paperwork.
  • Enhanced digital services to ensure seamless account management.

10. FAQs About EPFO

1. What is UAN, and how can I activate it?

Ans. UAN is a unique number assigned to each EPF member. Activate it on the EPFO portal using your member ID and other details.

2. How can I check my EPF balance?

Ans. Check your balance online through the EPFO portal, mobile app, or by sending an SMS.

3. What are the tax implications of EPF withdrawals?

Ans. Withdrawals before five years are taxable. After five years, they are generally tax-free.

4. Can I withdraw my EPF balance partially?

Ans. Yes, partial withdrawals are allowed for specific purposes like marriage, education, and medical treatment.

5. How can I raise a grievance with EPFO?

Ans. It can be raised online through the EPFiGMS by logging in with your UAN.

    11. Tips for Efficient Management of EPF Account

    Best Practices for Employees

    • Regularly check your EPF balance and contributions.
    • Ensure that your personal details are up-to-date.
    • Link your Aadhaar and PAN with your UAN for seamless account management.
    • Utilize the online services provided by EPFO for claim submissions and account transfers.

    Importance of Tracking Contributions

    Tracking your EPF contributions helps in ensuring that your employer is making timely deposits and helps you plan for your financial future.


    The Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) is a cornerstone of financial security for employees in India. Understanding the various schemes, registration processes, online services, and recent updates can help members maximize the benefits available to them. By staying informed and actively managing your EPF account, you can ensure a secure financial future. Whether you’re new to the workforce or nearing retirement, this guide provides valuable insights to help you navigate the EPFO system effectively.

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